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2019高考英语:二轮专项学案(18)(练习题配解析或解析).doc

2019高考英语:二轮专项学案(18)(练习题配解析或解析)

专题探究:阅读理解——Topic或Title题型专题详解:加标题类文章常见的设题形式有:

Whichofthefollowingwouldbethemostappro—priatetitleforthepassage? Thebesttitleforthispassagewouldbe/mightbe/is…、Whatmightbethebesttitleofthispassage? Thetitlethatbestexpressestheideasofthispas—sageis…

文章的标题(title)、是文章的眼睛,通过这双“眼睛”我们可以略知文章大意。好的文章通常有一个好的标题。怎样给文章加一个合适的标题呢?

文章的标题实际上是对文章大意最简洁的慨括,标题与文章大意息息相关。给文章加一个适当的标题,首先要把握好文章的大意。不能把文章某一段的大意看作是整篇文章的大意,更不能把文章的细节看成是文章的大意,从而给文章加上一个观点片面的标题。

其次,给文章加一个合适的标题还应抓住文章的主题句。因为文章的大意和文章的主题句总是一脉相承的。主题句通常在文章的开头,也有的在中间或结尾。抓住了主题句就抓住了文章的灵魂。

再次,给文章加标题应注意文章的体裁及写作目的。叙事类的文章是为了记叙~件事,一个人物,表达作者的某种感情,所加标题应表达叙事类文章的特点;说明文是为了说明一个事物或过程,标题应表达说明文的特点。

另外、对于一些幽默类的文章、应挖掘其深层含义,给文章加一个合适的标题、表达出文章幽默的特点。

考题1ItwasverydifficulttofindjobsinthenortheastofEngland,andwhenJohnlosthisjob,hefo unditimpossibletogetanewone.Hehadsoonspentallhismoney,“sohedecidedtogodowntothesouthofthecountry,wherehehadheardthatthingswerebetter andthatitwaseasiertofindajob.Thebestwaytogotherewasbytrain,sohewenttotherail-wa ystationandgotintoatrainwhichwasgoingtoLondon.

Hewastheonlypassengerinhiscompartment(车厢)whenanothermancameincarryingagunandsaidtohim,”Yourmoneyoryourlife!“”Ihaven'tapenny.“Johnansweredinfear.

”Whyareyoutremblingsomuch?“themanwithgunaskedangrily.

”BecauseIthoughtyouweretheticketcollectorandIhaven'tevengotaticket,“answeredJohn.Thebesttitleis

A.JohnwasRobbed

B.Robberwith'Gun

C.PoorJohn

D.MoneyandLife

考题2NewYorkcanbeaverydangerouscityespeciallyatnight.Manypeopledonotgooutaloneintot hestreetsafterdark.Thisproblemisevenworseforwomen.OneNewYorkerfoundanunusualans wertotheprob-lem,Asasinger,shehastodrivealonetotheclublateatnight.Thenshehastod rivehomeaftertheshow.

Thesingerneedsa”friend “,soshehasgotherselfBob--aballoonthatlookslikeaman.Itsitsinthepassengerseatofh ercarwhileshedrivesatnight.Peopleinthestreetthinkthewomandriverhasamanwithheran dshefeelssafe.

Thebesttitleis

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A.ADangerousCity

B.AWomanSinger

C.AWomanDriver

D.ABalloonBoyfriend

考题1点拨:答案为c。这篇文章选PoorJohn这一标题恰如其分。PoorJohn这个标题有两个方面的含义。一是John失业了、身无分文,经济拮据,实在很穷;二是就是这么一个身无分文的John竞遭遇抢劫。让人感到可怜。

考题2点拨:答案为D。“气球男友”这一标题突出了文章主题,又有幽默感。总结提示:给文章加标题应注意文章标题本身的句法特征:一是简练,多数文章的标题言简意赅,而且引人注目;二是多用省略后的非句子形式。

考题类型

回顾1测试考点8(典型例题分)Ialwaystakesome-thingtoreadwhenIgotothedoctor's__Ihavetowait.

A.incase

B.sothat

C.inorder

D.asif

1、A点拨:题意:“当我去诊所时,我总是带些读物,以便在不得不等候时消磨时间”,incase“以防。假如”引导的状语从句可以用来表示“动机”而其他三项不合题意。

回顾2测试考点8(典型例题llthesegiftsmustbemailedimmediatelyintimeforChristmas.

A.inordertohavereceived

B.inordertoreceive

C.soastobereceived

D.soastoberecei ving

2、C点拨:题意:“所有的礼物都必须立即邮寄出,目的是在圣诞节及时被收到”,inorderto或soasto引导的不定式表示目的或动机,且gift与receive之间存在动宾关系,应选c。

回顾3测试考点1(典型例题)Mymotheralwaysgetsabitifwedon'tarrivewhenwesaywewill.

A.anxious

B.ashamed

C.weak

D.patient

3、A点拨:考查形容词辨析。题意:“当我们说我们会及时回家而又没回去时,我妈妈总是感到担心”,anxious“担心,忧虑”,而ashamed“羞愧的”,patient“耐心的”,weak “弱的”均不符合题意。

回顾4测试考点3(典型例题)Onceadecisionhasbeenmade.allofusshouldit.

A.directto

B.sticktoC,leadtoD,referto

4、B点拨:考查动词短语辨析。stickto“坚持”,leadto“通向,导致”,referto“参考”,由题意“一旦作出决定,我们都应该坚持它”可知B为正确选项。

强化训练

[备考1]测试考点2Imalotofexperienceinmyjob.

A.accepting

B.acquiring

C.catching

D.winning

1、B点拨:考查动词词义辨析。accept“接受”。acquire“获取,学会”,catch“抓住”,win“获胜”,由题意“在工作中我获得了许多经验”可知B为正确答案。

[备考2]测试考点6Afterastudyofsixmonths.Tomhasmadeinhisstudiesthanbefore.

A.agreaterprogress

B.greaterprogresses

C.greaterprogress

D.greatprogress

2、C点拨:考查名词progress的用法。progress为不可数名词。makegreatprogress “取得巨大进步”,且原文中含有thanbefore,故用makegreaterprogress。

[备考3]测试考点3Ifyouwanttosucceed,youmusttoit.

A.insist

B.keep

C.stick

D.goon

3、c点拨:题意:“如果你想要成功的话,你必须坚持下去”,stickto“坚持(立场,观点)”,而insiston“坚持做某事”,goonwith“继续做某事”,应选C。

[备考4]测试考点

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4Parentsshouldtheirchildrenhowtodealwithdailythingsinsteadofdoingthemforchihlre n.

A.guide

B.ask

C.follow

D.instruct

4、D点拨:考查动词辨析。题意:“父母应指导孩子做日常事物而不是为他们包办”,instructsB、todosth、“指导某人做某事”,而其他三项不符合题意。

[备考5]测试考点1MymotherwillbeahoutmysafetyifIcomehomelate.

A.anxious

B.happy

C.certainDeager

5、A点拨:句意“如果我回家晚了,我妈妈会担心我的安全”。anxious“担心、忧虑”,而eager“渴望的”,应选A。

[备考6]测试考点5Youdidverywell.Haveyouhissuggcstiontoimproveyourwork'?

A.offered

B.adopted

C.provided

D.received

6、B点拨:题意:“你做得很好,你已经接受他的建议来改善你的工作了吗?”adopt “采纳”,而offer“提供”,provide”提供”,不符合题意。

[备考7]测试考点7Shallwegooutforawalk?Can'tyouseehomeworkbeforeme?

A.agreatnumberof

B.toomany

C.somany

D.pilesof

7、D点拨:homework为不可数名词,agreatnumberof“大量,许多”,toomany“许多”,somany“这么多”都用来修饰可数名词,而pilesof既可以修饰可数名词也可以修饰不可数名词,应选D。

[备考8]测试考点9Itseemedasifhehadcriedsawhim.

A.thelasttime

B.forthelasttime

C.thelasttimewhen

D.atlasl

8、A点拨:thelasttime“上一次”可用作连词引导从句,而C项thelasttimewhen中的when 多余。

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26.Inthosedays,theoldwomansitatthegateforhours,waitingforhersontoreturnfromthef ront.

A.could

B.should

C.might

D.would

27.Holdonaminute!MrWangiscoming.Heisinthenextroom.Theunderlinedpartabovemeans__ ___.

A.Don’thangupthetelephone

B.Putupthetelephone

C.Takedownthetelephone

D.Handinthetelephone

28.—Let’sseeifthebaseballgamehasstartedyet.

—Started?Itmostbeclearwho_____bynow.

A.iswinning

B.wins

C.haswon

D.wouldwin

29.Iwasadvisedtoarrangeforinsurance_____Ineededmedicaltreatment.

A.although

B.incase

C.sothat

D.ifonly

30.Itwasverykindofyoutodothewashing-up,batyou_____it.

A.mustn’thavedone

B.wouldn’thavedone

C.mightn’thavedone

D.didn’thaveto

31.—Theproblemwasn’tdifficultforhim,wasit?

—.Heshouldhavebeergivenamoredifficultone.

A.No,itwas

B.Yes,itwas

C.Yes,itwasn’t

D.No,itwasn’t

32.Importantpeopledon’toftenharemuchfreetimeastheirworkalltheirtime.

A.takesaway

B.takesup

C.takesover

D.takesis

33.CanIchangeforanotherbook?Pageofthisbookistornandcoverlooksold.

A.the;the

B.a;the

C.the;a

D.a;a

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34.—Ididn’tgotothepartyyesterdaybecausemycarbrokedown.

—Yonmine.Iwasn’tusingit.

A.oughttoborrow

B.wouldhaveborrowed

C.hadbetterborrow

D.mighthaveborrow

35.Herparentshadhadaveryanxiousmomentbuteverythingallrightintheend.

A.turnedup

B.tunedto

C.turnedout

D.turnedaway

36.—Areyousatisfiedwiththeresult?

—Notatall.Itcouldn’tbe.

A.anybetter

B.anyworse

C.sobad

D.theworst

37.Thewriterwasawonder.Hewasfullofimaginationandwrotemanystories.

A.wonders

B.wondering

C.wonder

D.wondered

38.Tomorrowwe’llgoonajourney,Ihopetheweather,asitistomorrow,willfine.

A.continue

B.turnout

C.promise

D.become

39.Ishouldliketotrythatcoatontoseeifitismy.

A.shape

B.size

C.model

D.pattern

40.Astheyweretoagreetomysuggestion,Ihadtogiveupmyidea.

A.thefirst

B.against

C.thelast

D.second

41.Itisthenarrowestpartoftheriver.Theytoldthevillagersthatabridgebebuilthere.

A.might

B.must

C.should

D.could

42.Theplanyou’vemadeisofgreatinterest,butitdoesn’tseem.

A.actual

B.special

C.normal

D.practical

43.Thenursetreatthenaughtyboyverykindly,butherpatienceatlast.

A.wentdown

B.usedup

C.gotaway

D.gaveout

44.—I’mnotsurewhattimeI’llarrive,maybehalfpastsevenoraquartertoeight.

—,I’llbethereasearlyaspossible.

A.anyhow

B.however

C.thus

D.therefore

45.Ithinkittoletfarmerhavetheirownland.Inthatway,theycanfarmthelandbythemselves ,andfoodproductionwillbehigher.

A.nogood

B.makessense

C.talkssense

D.usefulness

46.—KennedyAirport,please.Ihavetobethereby7.

—_____,butI’lldomybest.

A.Noproblem

B.Ok

C.Ican’tpromise

D.Ican’tdothat

47.Anyonewhohasriddenonarailwaytrainknowshowrapidlyanothertrainflashesbywheniti straveling.

A.inthesamedirection

B.intheoppositedirection

C.towardtheoppositedirection

D.againstthesamedirection

48.—IsawJimatthemeetingyesterday?

—Didyou?Ithinkhehaveattended,forheisanexpert.

A.needn’t

B.mustn’t

C.shouldn’t

D.couldn’t

49.Hebeinhisofficenow,becausehephonedmefromhishomejustnow.

A.mustn’t

B.needn’t

C.can’t

D.shouldn’t

50.—I’dliketogotothecinemawithyon,dad.

—Sorry,mydarling,butthefilmisforadultsonly.

A.admitted

B.intended

C.promised

D.permitted

参考答案

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26–30DAADB 31—35DBBDC 36—40BCABC

41—45DDABA 46—50CBACB

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